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Different types of acne

Updated: Nov 20, 2020

Blackheads


Blackhead is an open conmedomes which is a form of comedomes. Comedomes develop when your pores in your skin get plugged with both dead skin cells as well as an oily, protective substance that is known as sebum. Blackheads are a form of mild acne and is commonly experienced by those who have oily skin. They are frequently found in your T-zone area so your chin, forehead and nose. They turn black because the dead skin and oil clogging your pores are exposed to air. However, they usually do not cause any pain or textural irregularities until your pores are clogged and blemishes develop.


Treatment Salicylic Acid

Whiteheads


Whiteheads are closed comedomes so like blackheads, whiteheads are a form of comedomes. Whiteheads essentially clog your pores which are formed when dead skin cells and an excess of oil block the opening of your pores. As whiteheads are closed comedomes, the dead skin cells and excess oils are 'closed' at the surface of your skin. As a result, they do not come into contact with the air therefore they do not oxidise. Thus, whiteheads appear as pale yellow or white in colour and on the skin surface whiteheads do not appear visible.


Treatment Glycolic Acid

Pustules


Pustules are formed when your pores become severely clogged leading to your skin to swell up. Pustules are in essence infected pores and are named pustules as the pores are filled up with pus. They generally develop as a white dot enclosed by inflamed, red skin which then swells turning into a bump. Many consider pustules to be a spot.


Treatment Healing masks and drying lotions

Papules


These are little red spots that do not develop a head or break through your skin's surface. Papules occur because the build-up of the acne bacteria on your skin's surface prompts inflammation which leads to sore, red bumps on your skin.


Treatment Niacinamide

Cystic


Cystic is one of the severe types of acne as cystic breakouts appear as swollen lumps under your skin surface. These swollen lumps are teeming with pus that have no place to go and they slowly become painful as they become more gruelling. Once the cystic becomes ruptured or inflamed it becomes painful to touch. Cystic breakouts are deep rooted in your skin tissue and do not regularly come to a head and they usually reappear in the same place. Cystic breakouts usually leave you with scars which are notably and hard to get rid of for good.


Treatment Hyaluronic acid, salicylic acid and niacinamide

Hormonal


It is very likely that your papule and cystic breakouts are caused by your hormones so when they do appear on your skin, you would normally experience them around a certain time of the month. You experience these breakouts around your monthly cycle as your hormones fluctuate throughout your cycle thus, you experience breakouts at a certain time of the month. When your progesterone level rises before and during your period, your oil production goes into overtime which will result in the likelihood of your pores clogging and blemishes to form on your skin.


Cystic and papule usually appear around your chin, mouth and jawline area. However, hormonal acne would most likely to affect your chin and jawlines as these two areas have a larger number of oil glands.

Treatment Lactic and clay mask

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